PUBLIC INTREST LITIGATION
MEANING,IMPORTANCE AND SCOPE OF PUBLIC INTREST LITIGATION
MEANING AND IMPORTANCE OF PIL-
‘Public Intrest’ is an act which is beneficial to the general public.It means an action taken for the public purpose.
The expression ‘Public Intrest Litigation’ defines a legal action initiated in a Court of Law for the enforcement of public intrest in which the public has some intrest by which their Legal rights or Liabilities are affected.
It is a litigation which serves public intrest.It is a Litigation which redresses a wrong done to an individual, a number of people, perhaps millions.
For a Public Intrest Litigation to come in existence,four conditions are necessary-
- Some action or inaction;
- Which causes an infriginment of a right of large number of people;or if a large number of people suffer the similar wrong;
- The right which has been infrigined has to be enforced through a petition to the appropriate courts;
- It should be initiated by a person who is public-spirited or an association of persons acting on behalf of the injured person.
IMPORTANCE OF PIL-
Public Intrest Litigation has been entertained by the Supreme Court under article 32 and by High Courts under article 226 of the Constitution of India not only by associations or by organisations but also from indiviuals intrested in a common cause.
In matters where the Legislature and Excecutives feel short of their rols, the PIL can be very useful.In matters relating to the unorganised people, environment or poor people, citizens who bring forward important social issues, PIL is very important. PIL also provides a platform for social justice.
SCOPE OF PIL-
The Scope of Public Intrest Litigation is to every section of society,whether:
- The illitrate;
- Poorest of the poor;
- The urban unorganised labour sector;
- The rural unorganised sector;
- Handicapped by ignorance or illitracy;and
- Other downtrodden having no access to justice.