Immigration Canada: How to migrate to Canada? The procedure, Documents, Legality- TOP 3 WAYS!
Immigration from India to Canada can be traced to the period when the Punjabi Sikh moved to Canada to settle from there they mixed with the Canadian people and culture. Since this first migration, many Indians have moved into Canada for education, jobs, business, tourism and much more.
The movement from India to any other part of the world has requirements and legal implications which decides the validity of an Indian immigrant in the country of visit.
As thousands of people migrate from India to Canada and the rest of the world and find jobs, better life, and basic amenities, they equally contribute to the government of the countries of residence by joining the workforce, pay taxes, provide skills were needed and invest in the economy.
What is Immigration
Immigration can be defined as the migration or movement into a place or country of which you are not a native of with the intent to settle there. It can also be referred to as the process by which an individual or persons leave their state or nation to settle in another.
Why Majority of Indians Migrate to Canada?
- Canada was founded by immigrants and welcomes people from several backgrounds.
- It is a good and safe place to stay compared to other countries. It is free from corruption and terrorism.
- It has one of the highest rates of immigrants in the world.
- It supports English as a language of communication which is familiar to the majority of Indians.
- It has a robust economy and huge of untapped resources.
- They integrate people from other backgrounds into their social cycle.
- The process of migration is relatively easy.
- There is much certainty for a better life.
- It has one of the highest living indexes in the world.
- The cost of migration is cheap compared to the expected benefits.
SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR IMMIGRATION TO CANADA FROM INDIA
The standard requirement for applying for a Permanent Residency (PR) especially in Canada and any other part of the world includes the following:
Age: Canada only accepts young and talented people with good work experience and education to migrate to the country and contribute positively to her thriving economy. Those with age between 25 to 35 are mostly considered and given prompt attention. To move into Canada, it is advisable to apply earlier especially after acquiring about 3 to 4 years of working experience.
Language Ability: Your proficiency in the two main languages of Canada which are French and English is an added advantage. IELTS and TES examinations for English and French will be a test of performance in the language ability segment. Migrating to Canada will require you become grounded in one of the two major Languages and a training course IELTS or TES with a reputable institution will equip you with the necessary skills.
Educational Qualification: In your application for a permanent residency in Canada, Education is highly essential. The country is in need for professionals mostly in the management sector of the economy. A Master’s degree will improve your Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score which will be an added advantage to the approval of your application.
Work Experience: a good work experience will equally improve your CRS score and boost your ability to clinching a good job. A minimum of 3 to 4 years working experience is enough to proceed with your PR application.
Adaptability: Canada has developed the culture of family integration and adaptability; from which settlers can sponsor loved ones and relatives to move to Canada. Thus, having a sponsor over there will be an easy way for our migration.
Proof of Funds: the Canadian authorities requires wants immigrants to present their proof of funds which will serve as a guarantee that you will be able to take care of yourself or family upon your arrival in the country. A proof of an employment offer with a Canadian employer will also be required if you claim to have one.
IDENTITY DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR INDIAN CITIZENS TRAVELLING ABROAD
- Valid National Passport
- Identity certificate from the Indian Embassy
- Recent passport size photograph
- Medical Fitness Certificate
- Work Experience certificate
- Educational Qualifications Document
- Police Clearance Certificate
STEPS TO MIGRATE TO CANADA FROM INDIA
Migration is legal in India although the steps can be difficult if you lack the understanding of the processes. Applicants can reduce a lot of burden by strictly following the steps outlined below:
- Choose a credible immigration service
- Take a language test such as IELTS examination
- Get a pre-assessment application form from your traveling consultant
- Fill your Permanent Residency (PR) Form
- Authenticate your educational credentials
- Work experience authentication
- Recommendation letter from the previous employer
- Medical fitness record
- Police Verification record
- Proof of Funds
- Visa Application
CANADIAN EXPRESS ENTRY PROGRAMME
The Canadian Government has simplified the immigration process through her Express Entry Program. This program was introduced in 2015 to bridge the gap that permits skilled migrant’s entry to Canada. This method of application for Permanent Resident (PR) is beneficial to the Canadian government and the immigrant. The screening process is based on the overall CRS score of the applicant and the eventual crowning of the PR status.
The two ways to seek for the Permanent Residency status of the Canadian Government is through the Provincial Nominee Program(PNP) and Express Entry Program(EEP). The PR status is provided for a period of five years in both cases and the bearer has the same rights and freedom of a complete Canadian Citizen. The major difference between PNP and EEP that the latter allows the PR allows the right to reside in anywhere in the country, the former restricts the PR status to a region of the country.
BENEFITS OF THE EXPRESS ENTRY PROGRAM
Employers and employees are provided with a detailed development on each of the immigration stages through the Comprehensive Ranking System.
Another important benefit is that the possibility that applicants are screened within six months is very high.
Applicants on Express Entry Program are free to settle anywhere within Canada and as a Federal immigration scheme, once selected; an applicant is automatically invited for Permanent Residence.
TOP THREE WAYS OF IMMIGRATING TO CANADA FROM ANY PART OF THE WORLD
The Express Entry Program has three basic streams where professionals and Permanent Residence seekers can apply. These are:
Federal Skilled Worker Program
The working professionals from the service sector are meant to apply into this program. Currently, the country of Canada has a shrinking number of the workforce to man her public and private institutions. Therefore, hardworking individuals with work experiences can avail themselves of this opportunity and apply.
Federal Skilled Trades Program
The Federal Skilled Trades Program is designed for people with working experience in the industrial sector with a willingness to lend a helping hand to the expanding Canadian Industry. Many Indians with Engineering background will find this program appealing.
Canadian Experience Class
This program is meant for people who had worked in Canada. Perhaps the applicant may have studied and worked in Canada after graduation but did not apply for a PR. This class is not so appealing to the young professionals but is most suitable for those with a working experience in Canada.
MAJOR MIGRANTS CATEGORIES
Economic Migrants: economic migrants refer to those who move out of their native country to work in another. This includes the skilled, low skilled and semi-skilled people.
Family Migrants: these categories of migrants move to other countries to reunite with their family members. This helps in the integration of migrants into their host countries as family members could provide emotional and moral support for one another.
Political Migrants: those that leave their countries for the fear of being persecuted in their homeland are referred to as political migrants. They do not leave because of economic challenges; but because of the frequent occurrence of political, ethnic and religious instability.
Students: international migration for studies has been on the increase since the beginning of the 20th century. International education has become one of the major sources of foreign earnings in countries with good university education ranking.
Illegal Migrants: this category of migrants have been on the increase in the world scene due to continuing economic and political instability. Many nations of the world are facing an influx of illegal migrants. Many of those in these categories are low skilled and may not integrate suitably in the new country of residence.
WHAT IS A PASSPORT?
The Passport is a document which recognizes the bearer as a citizen of the country that grants it. In India, anyone who has made payment is entitled to his passport within the timeframe after the payment.
DOCUMENTS REQUIRED TO GETTING A PASSPORT
Three basic documents are needed to obtain a passport under the 1967 Passport Act. They are:
- Age Certificate
- Residential Address
- Educational Certificates
WHAT IS A VISA?
A Visa can be defined as an endorsement made on the Passport. It permits the holder to pass unhindered entry into the country that had issued it. In India, getting a Passport is the right of everybody. However as is in India and the rest of the world, Visa cannot be issued to everyone. Different countries have their rules and processes for issuance of visa based on the relationship and cooperation between nations.
IMPLICATIONS OF MIGRATION IN INDIA
The implications of migration in India can be summarized into two categories namely: Positive and negative implications.
- The possibility of India becoming a major global player because of her extensive geographical presence.
- Sustainable economic growth.
- High remittance into the Indian economy
- Increased technological advancement
- There is the tendency for India to lose her productive population in the coming decades.
- Shortage of skilled labor.
- A possibility of the collapse of education system because of the movement of professionals to other countries.
Many developed countries in the world are currently having a shortage of workforce and there has been an increasing competition among them to attract the best brains from India. The migration of Indians to countries with less human resources and manpower has benefits to the individual migrant and the host country.
Canada has been a favorable destination to Indian immigrants and is ranked among the best countries to live in on earth. The immigration policies of Canada have been lenient to migrants making it easy for Indians to obtain a Permanent Residency.
For now, Canada is the most sought-after destination for young Indian professionals who are in search of the better life.