Penology (Meaning, definition, Characteristics)

Penology (Meaning, definition, Characteristics)

What is Penology? What are its characteristics?

Penology is the study of punishment in its relation to crime. It is a science which deals with the principles and methods of punishments. Penology is beleived to  be a sociology that deals with the theory and methods of punishment of crimes.

Penologist Dr.P.K. Sen defines it saying – “Penology lay down the fundamental principles that should guide the State, or the sovereign authority in framing the schemes of punishments”.

Characteristic Features of Penology –

  1. Penology is a science that deals with the principles and methods of punishments.
  2. Under Penology, the criminals are punished on a rational basis.
  3. Penology reflects the State policies.

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